In our previous episode, we explored problems associated with sensory interaction. Today, we will delve deeper into the responses to alterations in this interaction. It's about how an individual experiences their senses, and the key is recognizing any imbalance in these sensations. We will identify those evident signals that should be considered as alerts:
- An alert signal is when a child does not react to loud noises, unlike other children. This could indicate a low response to auditory stimuli, perceiving the intensity of noise differently. These loud noises are not intentionally provoked; they usually occur suddenly. It is vital to be attentive to these situations and understand their significance.
- A child with autism may have extreme sensitivities in vision, hearing, touch, smell, or taste, whether very intense or weak. These differences become noticeable in everyday activities such as eating or reacting to smells, and they are contrasted with those of other children of their age, such as siblings or cousins.
- Normal noises can be painful for these children, leading them to cover their ears. This behavior, often unexpected, can be an indicator of autism if observed with enough attention. In these cases, it is crucial to rule out the presence of lead in the blood through biochemical analysis, especially if the child resides in old homes with lead-containing paints. Excess lead can cause various symptoms, including abdominal pain and headaches.
- Children with autism may also avoid physical contact if it is too stimulating or overwhelming. This behavior is another sign to be aware of.
- Another indication can be the tendency to rub surfaces or frequently put objects in the mouth.
- The response to pain in these children can be excessively high or low, constituting another alert signal.
It is important to emphasize that the frequency and consistency of these behaviors are key for diagnosis, in comparison with other children in their environment.
Parents and guardians, who generally spend more time with children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, should be especially attentive to these signs.
Why is it crucial to detect these signals early? Because the body often defends itself alone to avoid severe alterations. Detecting these signs in time is essential to seek professional help, which can significantly change the course of the condition.